Health Issue – Skeletal System
The Samoyed Club of America advises that all breeding animals be evaluated by a hip radiograph (X-ray) submitted to the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals or PennHip prior to breeding to minimize the risk of passing on hip dysplasia in their offspring.
Canine hip dysplasia is found in many medium to large-breed dog breeds. In this condition, the hip joint does not develop normally, causing the ball of the leg bone and socket of the pelvis not to fit together correctly. This causes excessive wear on the joint and cartilage lining the joint, eventually leading to painful arthritis. Hip dysplasia is influenced by multiple genes, but also impacted by excessive weight and possible injury to the hips. The main symptom is limping. Treatment ranges from anti-inflammatory medications to surgery. It is important to maintain the dog at the ideal weight to minimize the stress on the dog’s hips.
Conscientious Samoyed breeders, through X-Ray screening of their breeding animals and careful selection, have reduced hip dysplasia in screened Samoyeds from 13.21% through the 1980s to 7.22% in the time period between 2005 and 2010. (OFA, 2015a)
Elbow dysplasia is an orthopedic condition of the structure of the dog’s elbow that can lead to arthritis. The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals reports that 2.2% of the Samoyeds screened were dysplastic through 2014. (OFA, 2015c). Symptoms include lameness, abnormal gait and limited range of motion in the joint. Treatment includes medical management with anti-inflammatory medications and surgery.